The Daily News | February 23

Soviet workers’ and peasants’ army founded, 1917
Intense solar flare, 1956
Joshua Reynolds, English portrait painter, died, 1792
Siege of Alamo began, 1836
Check protecting device patented (G.L. McCarthy), 1930
Battle of Buena Vista, 1847
First field testing of polio vaccine (Pittsburgh), 1954
Flag planted on Iwo Jima, 1945
Lt. Calley confessed and implicated Captain Medina, 1971
Guyana became a republic, 1970
Nova Persei attained maximum light (magnitude +0.2), 1901
Ground war vs. Iraq began, 1991
George Taylor, signer of Declaration of Independence, died, 1781
John Keats, British poet, died, 1821
A Japanese submarine shelled an oil refinery near Santa Barbara, 1942
US Federal Radio Commission established, 1927
Dashiell Hammett said “Communism to me is not a dirty word”, 1955
John Quincy Adams, 6th US president, died, 1848
Federal Income Tax created (after Wyoming became the 36th state to approve the 16th amendment), 1913
Baron von Steuben joined Continental Army, 1778
First cotton mill founded with all operations under one roof (Boston Manufacturing Co., Waltham, Massachusetts), 1813
Ebbetts Field (Brooklyn, New York) torn down, 1960