The Daily News | July 12

Desiderius Erasmus, Dutch author and scholar, died, 1536
Phobos 2 (USSR) launched, 1988
16th Amendment to the US Constitution approved (power to tax incomes), 1909
US forces invaded Canada, 1812
Dolly (Dorothea) Dandridge Payne Todd Madison, wife of James Madison, died, 1849
US Medal of Honor authorized, 1862
Mondale announced he’d chosen Geraldine Ferraro as his presidential running mate, 1984
Minimum wage set at $.40 per hour, 1933
Chicago White Sox forfeit due to “disco demolition” fiasco (staged by DJ, Steve Dahl), 1979
Republic of Kiribati gained independence, 1979
First blacks competed in baseball All-Star game (Robinson, Campanella, Newcombe, and Doby), 1949
Hudson first saw North American continent, 1609
First newspaper west of Mississippi (St. Louis’ “Missouri Gazette”) began publication, 1808
Alexander Hamilton, American Statesman, died, 1804